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Panda family's "nanny daddy" in Malaysia

Giant panda caretaker Akmal Hadi Samsuddin checks the teeth of giant panda Liang Liang at the Giant Panda Conservation Center at Zoo Negara near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 21, 2022.(Xinhua/Zhu Wei)

"We take care of the pandas like taking care of our own kids," said Akmal Hadi Samsuddin, who has been taking care of pandas since Xing Xing and Liang Liang came to Malaysia from China in 2014.

by Wang Yi, Mao Pengfei, Leong Huey Mun

KUALA LUMPUR, Sept. 4 (Xinhua) -- When most animals in the Zoo Negara Malaysia on the outskirt of Kuala Lumpur are still asleep early in the morning, the pantry at the Giant Panda Conservation Center (GPCC) already lights up. Panda caretaker Akmal Hadi Samsuddin has started his workday by preparing breakfast for the panda family.

Giant panda caretaker Akmal Hadi Samsuddin prepares food for giant pandas at the Giant Panda Conservation Center at Zoo Negara near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 21, 2022. (Xinhua/Zhu Wei)

Fresh bamboo is the staple food while apples, pears and bamboo shoots are washed, weighed and cut into pieces to put on plate. There are also panda "cakes" made of eggs, soybeans, corn, rice, sugar, salt, calcium powder and corn oil.

"We usually taste the cakes before putting them in the oven," Akmal said, adding that they need to make six meals every day for the panda family, including the dad Xing Xing, the mum Liang Liang, and their two daughters Yi Yi and Sheng Yi.

Giant panda caretaker Akmal Hadi Samsuddin (front) and his colleagues bring breakfast to giant panda Liang Liang at the Giant Panda Conservation Center at Zoo Negara near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 21, 2022. (Xinhua/Zhu Wei)

Daily routines for the caretakers also include cleaning pandas' rooms, checking their bodies, training and bringing them to meet visitors, and maintaining the conservation center, etc., which usually last until the pandas' last meal at 9:00 in the evening.

However, Akmal, nicknamed "Panda's Nanny Daddy" on social media, found joy in the busy work. "We don't take it as a job. As soon as we see pandas, we cheer up because it's a responsibility to take care of them," he said.

Giant panda caretaker Akmal Hadi Samsuddin poses for photos at the Giant Panda Conservation Center at Zoo Negara near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 21, 2022. (Xinhua/Zhu Wei)

Akmal has been taking care of pandas since Xing Xing and Liang Liang came to Malaysia from China in 2014.

To ensure that Xing Xing and Liang Liang adapt well to a new life here, Zoo Negara Malaysia not only assigned Akmal to Sichuan, China to learn how to take care of them in advance, but also sent several types of local bamboo to China to see which ones the pandas like.

Giant panda caretaker Akmal Hadi Samsuddin (L) and his colleagues prepare bamboo for giant pandas at the Giant Panda Conservation Center at Zoo Negara near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 21, 2022.(Xinhua/Zhu Wei)

"They (pandas) mainly feed on five types of Malaysian bamboo," Akmal told Xinhua, noting that selecting fresh bamboo is important to make sure the pandas eat well. The caretaker team needs to spend around three days every week traveling to other states to harvest bamboo.

"There is grass everywhere, with a lot of mosquitoes, even snakes around (in the bamboo forest). It's dangerous," Akmal said.

"But we are willing to do it because for us it's like harvesting for our kids."

Giant panda caretaker Akmal Hadi Samsuddin feeds giant panda Yi Yi at the Giant Panda Conservation Center at Zoo Negara near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 21, 2022. (Xinhua/Zhu Wei)

With good food, the way of feeding them is also important.

GPCC director Mat Naim Ramli told Xinhua that to protect pandas' teeth, caretakers need to change different species of bamboo often and ensure the harder ones are cut into thinner pieces.

Life in Malaysia seems good and productive. Xing Xing and Liang Liang gave birth to three panda cubs within eight years. Among them, the eldest daughter, Nuan Nuan, born in 2015, now lives in Nanjing, China.

"Look, this is Nuan Nuan," Akmal pointed to one of the pictures of giant pandas on the refrigerator in the pantry. When Nuan Nuan was born, Akmal said he was like a novice dad, feeling a frisson of excitement while worrying if he could give impeccable care to the panda cub and the mother.

Fortunately, the expert from China was experienced. With the joint efforts of Chinese and Malaysian caretakers, the first cub born in Malaysia grew up healthily.

Recalling the time when Nuan Nuan went back to China in 2017, Akmal said, "Sometimes early in the morning we still call her name, Nuan Nuan, Nuan Nuan, then only realized she had gone back."

Giant panda caretaker Akmal Hadi Samsuddin interacts with giant panda cub Sheng Yi at the Giant Panda Conservation Center at Zoo Negara near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 21, 2022. (Xinhua/Zhu Wei)

Yi Yi and Sheng Yi were born in the following years. Akmal and his colleagues were very proud because they thought it was the biggest compliment for them. A Chinese netizen left a message under the photo of Akmal and the panda cub, "Nanny Daddy Akmal has a big smile of happiness and satisfaction."

After taking care of the pandas for such a long time, Akmal knows the characteristics and appearances of each panda quite well.

Giant panda Yi Yi rests at the Giant Panda Conservation Center at Zoo Negara near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 20, 2022. (Xinhua/Zhu Wei)

"Nuan Nuan is quiet and gets along well with keepers. There is a line near her nose. Yi Yi is like a princess, sometimes acting cute. She has a round face like her father. Sheng Yi is lively and naughty with a long nose like her mother." Akmal said with great familiarity as if talking about his own children.

"I think pandas have been a part of my life. I spend more than eight hours a day with them. They are like half of my family," Akmal said.

Giant panda caretaker Akmal Hadi Samsuddin interacts with giant panda cub Sheng Yi at the Giant Panda Conservation Center at Zoo Negara near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 21, 2022.(Xinhua/Zhu Wei)

"For example, if I'm off for 2-3 days, I'll miss the pandas. We take care of the pandas like taking care of our own kids."

Aug. 23 was the birthday of Xing Xing and Liang Liang. The zoo, with panda fans, threw a party for them. Looking at the four pandas in Malaysia, Akmal missed Nuan Nuan a lot.

He told journalists that Aug. 18 was Nuan Nuan's seventh birthday. On that day, he made a video call with keepers in Nanjing and wished Nuan Nuan a happy birthday. "I hope to go to Nanjing for her birthday next year."